Thinking Outside the Cell    Defined Terms    Baker's Dozen Problems   Articles & Reports - Bibliography   

COVID-19 has penetrated many prisons in the USA, Canada, Brazil, Italy, India, Russia, Britain, Australia 'et al'. 
Lawyers in the U.S. have lodged 'statements of claim' against pertinent state and municipal government prisons seeking damages on behalf of adversely affected inmates for failing to take
adequate remedial actions resulting in patent breaches of inmates' human rights


A State-by-State Look at Coronavirus in Prisons  - The Marshall Project

COVID-19 Cases and Deaths in Federal and State Prisons  - JAMA Network - 8 July 2020

Coronavirus deaths and infection rates higher in US prisons than general population, analysis finds  -  CNN  - 9 July 2020

Releasing People From Prison Is Easier Said Than Done  - The Atlantic - 8 July 2020

COVID-19 outbreaks at jails and prisons should make us rethink incarceration - Washington Post -  June 25, 2020

Split 5 to 4, Supreme Court Rules for California Jail Over Virus Measures  - The New York Times - 5 Aug 2020

How U.S. Prisons Became Ground Zero for Covid-19 - JUSTICE REFORM  TAYLOR MILLER THOMAS  25-June-2020

As COVID-19 Ravaged the Prisons, Officials Failed to Take Sanctioned Actions -  ACLU SoCal Communications & Media Advocacy - 17 May 2020

About 20% of N.J. Prisoners Could Be Freed to Avoid Virus  -  The New York Times - 5 Aug 2020

'People are sick all around me': inside the coronavirus catastrophe in California prisons - The Guardian - Sam Levin in Los Angeles  21 May 2020

Why women dying in prisons are among the less visible victims of Covid-19 - The Guardian - Cary Aspinwall, Keri Blakinger and Joseph Neff  - 2 Jul 2020

CARES Act:  What Does the COVID-19 Relief Bill Do to Protect Incarcerated People? FAMM USA - April 2020

Failing Grades: USA’s responses to COVID-19 in Jails & Prisons Emily Widra and Dylan Hayre  -  June 25, 2020

Prisons and jails are coronavirus epicenters – they were once designed to prevent disease outbreaks -  April 2020 - Ashley Rubin  - University of Hawaii  COVID-19

"Jails and prisons often lack basic hygiene products, have minimal health care services and are overcrowded. Social distancing is nearly impossible except in solitary confinement, but that poses its own dangers to mental and physical health.

70% of inmates test positive for coronavirus at Lompoc federal prison L A Times - RICHARD WINTON, STAFF WRITER   -  MAY 9, 2020

"More than 14,500 inmates in various prison facilities across the country (USA) have tested positive along with more than 4,000 staff, according to the Marshall Project prison tracker. Forty-five inmates have died in federal prisons, according to the federal Bureau of Prisons."

Freed  From  Prison,  Dead  from  COVID-19,  Not  Even  Counted  - The  Marshall Project

As COVID-19 Measures Grow, Prison Oversight Falls - The  Marshall  Project

         "We now have no idea what’s going on inside."

What COVID-19 Prison Outbreaks Could Teach Us About Herd Immunity - The Marshall  Project - 6 Jan 2020

USA States Continue to Face Large Shortfalls Due to COVID-19 Effects - Center on Budget and Policy Priorities


Isolating prisoners to stop coronavirus spread violates human rights: ombudsman - Colin Perkel The Canadian Press  - April 24, 2020  "360 positive tests in Canadian prisons with 2 deaths as at 10 July 2020"

Canada's prison ombudsman calls COVID isolation 'extremely concerning'  - The Canadian Press  -  April 24, 2020

Confirmed COVID-19 Cases Linked to Canadian Carceral Institutions - TPCP -  29 May 2020

Hunger Strikers at the Milton Jail Demand Improved Living Conditions and an End to Human Rights Abuses - TPCP  - 8 July 2020

If Canada is serious about confronting systemic racism, we must abolish prisons - The Conversation - July 7, 2020

Why some Canadian prisoners should be released during the coronavirus pandemic - The Conversation - March 18, 2020

Prisons petri dishes for coronavirus - Revolving-door system of people on remand also poses risk to community at large - The Chronicle Herald, Canada - 4 March 2020


In Brazil's overcrowded jails, COVID-19 breeds fear and calls for change - The Jakarta Post - June 16, 2020

COVID-19 in Brazilian prisons: Pandemic or a necropolitical project? - openDemocracy - 7 July 2020



The COVID-19 Epidemic and the Prison System in Italy - SAGE Journals - 6 July 2020

Prisoners in a pandemic: We should think about detainees during Covid-19 outbreak - ScienceDirect - 3 June 2020


48 inmates at Kashmir jail test positive for COVID-19  - ANADOLU AGENCY - 15 July 2020

Covid-19 in prison: Is India doing enough? - livemint - 7 July 2020


Locked Up During Lockdown: Prisoners in Russia and the World During the Pandemic - The Wilson Centre -  10 June 2020


Shocking spike in Covid-19 jail suicides should end Britain’s obsession with imprisonment - Chris Sweeney - 28 May 2020

The coronavirus crisis in Britain's prisons - The Conversation  -  2 Jul 2020

"But in prisons, lockdown meant an end to an already heavily restrictive way of life. There were no visits allowed, education programmes were paused and prisoners were confined to their cells for more than 23 hours a day, something close to solitary confinement.

We need far more coronavirus tests in British prisons - The Conversation - Eric Allison - 30 June 2020

Coronavirus (COVID-19) and prisons - England and Wales

Inaction and slow response contributed to the spread of COVID-19 in UK prisons - Loughborough University - 4 June 2020


Prisoners held in solitary confinement for nearly two months challenge WA Government in court - ABC News -  11 Aug 2020

As the coronavirus rages in prisons, ethical issues of crime and punishment become more compelling  -  The Conversation  -  6 Aug 2020

Prisoner lives are still at risk of COVID-19 - Australia Interview with ex-prison inmate, Damien Linnane 10 May 2020   Paul Gregoire   Sydney Criminal Lawyers

Coronavirus must not enter prisons - NSW Health Media Release  - March 20, 2020

COVID-19: A catalyst for rethinking how we punish offenders? - Monash University - 5 May 2020

Australia's overcrowded prisons could struggle to control coronavirus - The Guardian - 19 March 2020

Coronavirus is a ticking time bomb for the Australian prison system - The Guardian - 26 March 2020

The Human Rights Law Centre - Explainer: Prisons and COVID-19

Australian States facing debt blowout due to COVID, Moody's warns - The Age - 22 July 20

Hundreds have died in US prisons from Covid-19. Will Australia act before it's too late?The Guardian -  30 July 2020