Below are pertinent extracts from Texas Justice Reinvestment
"In response to this work the Texas legislature adopted, and the governor approved, a budget that included greater treatment capacity in the prison system and the expansion of diversion options in the probation and parole system. A total of 4,500 new diversion beds and 5,200 new program slots were funded. The final budget adopted by the legislature for the 2008–2009 biennium reflected an increase of $241 million in funding for additional diversion and treatment capacity. The expansion of these programs translated into a net savings of $443.9 million in the FY 2008–09 budget by reducing funding for contracted bed space and canceling funding for the construction of the new prison units originally proposed. The initiative has stabilized the growth of the Texas prison population. The increase in treatment capacity and intermediate sanction facilities funded by the initiative has helped to increase the number of people on probation connected to services and reduce the number revoked to prison. Looking at where Texas is today in the management of its state correctional policies in comparison to California, “be more like Texas” may not be a bad thing. Unlike in California, the actions of Texas policy makers has maintained the prison system operating within capacity, and, more importantly, has led to major strengthening in the treatment and community corrections system that should serve the state well in the future in terms of reducing correctional costs and improving public safety outcomes."
need to follow the
models successfully implemented in -
A. Scandinavia since the late 20th century,
B. Texas Justice Reinvestment,
C. San Pedro prison, Bolivia - a prison with no locks; and
D. San Patrignano, Northern Italy,
A report prepared by the Justice Center for the National Institute of Corrections, U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Prisons titledImproving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses: The Essential Elements of Specialized Probation Initiatives (Oct identified the below 10 key components found in successful initiatives to improve outcomes for people with mental illnesses under probation supervision with specific recommendations to probation and mental health policymakers and practitioners for effectively responding to the U.S. population’s complex treatment and service needs while seeking to improve public safety and health.